Searching for Tiger Resources:
This week I start looking for information sources for both for both a Tiger Journal and the Endangered Earth Journal.
To start I am focusing on 'government' resouces. Next week I will look for non-governent (i.e. conservation organizations), and the following week I will be looking for endangered species information provided by individuals.
Following are ten government (or instituional) websites from around the world that have significant endangered tiger information from both an 'international' perspcetive and a 'country' perspective.
CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between governments. Its aim is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival.
Widespread information nowadays about the endangered status of many prominent species, such as the tiger and elephants, might make the need for such a convention seem obvious. But at the time when the ideas for CITES were first formed, in the 1960s, international discussion of the regulation of wildlife trade for conservation purposes was something relatively new. With hindsight, the need for CITES is clear.
2) IUCN:IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature, helps the world find pragmatic solutions to our most pressing environment and development challenges. It supports scientific research, manages field projects all over the world and brings governments, non-government organizations, United Nations agencies, companies and local communities together to develop and implement policy, laws and best practice.
IUCN is the world’s oldest and largest global environmental network - a democratic membership union with more than 1,000 government and NGO member organizations, and almost 11,000 volunteer scientists in more than 160 countries.
As the principal federal partner responsible for administering the Endangered Species Act (ESA), we take the lead in recovering and conserving our Nation's imperiled species by fostering partnerships, employing scientific excellence, and developing a workforce of conservation leaders.
As we work in partnership with others, our two major goals are to:
1) Protect endangered and threatened species, and then pursue their recovery; and
2) Conserve candidate species and species-at-risk so that listing under the ESA is not necessary.
Why International Affairs?
Additionally, many of the U.S. species that the Service is placed to protect depend as much on the habitat conditions in foreign countries as the conditions in the U.S. To conserve these migratory species and their habitat, the Service thinks and acts internationally.
Service activities overseas and in neighboring countries also meet U.S. Government obligations contained in numerous treaties, laws, agreements, and cooperative programs with other nations.
One example is the Endangered Species Act of 1973, which the U.S. has pledged itself as a sovereign state in the international community to conserve to the extent practicable the various species of fish or wildlife and plants facing extinction worldwide.
An alliance of governments, international agencies civil society, and the private sector united to save wild tigers from extinction.
Who is supporting the tiger initiative?
•The World Bank’s commitment to a global Tiger Initiative has received widespread interest and support from the conservation and scientific communities. The launch of the Tiger Initiative is being co-hosted by the Smithsonian Institution and the International Tiger Coalition (ITC), a body of 39 NGOs representing millions of members and working around the world and in most tiger range countries.
•There is strong support from the scientific community, members of which have been working with the Bank on a new study, A Future For Wild Tigers.
•Furthermore, the Bank’s engagement in the Tiger Initiative has received a warm and often enthusiastic reception from other multi-national, international and regional organizations with a long-standing and professional stake in conservation.
•At the heart of the new Tiger Initiative is the recognition of the need for consultation and consensus between all stakeholders. The threat to tigers is a trans-boundary problem and affects areas where many poor people live. It cannot be addressed through piecemeal interventions.
•Any specific intervention will only emerge after consultation with all stakeholders, including NGOs and civil society representatives in any of the tiger range countries. The power of the new initiative is that its wide representativeness offers a great forum for consultation.
The Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF) is the nodal agency in the administrative structure of the Central Government for the planning, promotion, co-ordination and overseeing the implementation of India's environmental and forestry policies and programmes.
The primary concerns of the Ministry are implementation of policies and programmes relating to conservation of the country's natural resources including its lakes and rivers, its biodiversity, forests and wildlife, ensuring the welfare of animals, and the prevention and abatement of pollution. While implementing these policies and programmes, the Ministry is guided by the principle of sustainable development and enhancement of human well-being.
The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation (Minprirody of Russia) shall be a federal executive authority performing functions of public policy making and statutory regulation in the field of the study, use, renewal, and conservation of natural resources, including the subsoil, water bodies, forests located in designated conservation areas, fauna and their habitat, in the field of hunting, hydrometeorology and related areas, environmental monitoring and pollution control, including radiation monitoring and control, and functions of public environmental policy making and implementation and statutory regulation, including issues of production and consumption waste management (hereinafter waste), conservation areas, and state environmental assessment.
The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation shall organize and, within the limits of its authority, ensure compliance with the obligations arising from international agreements of the Russian Federation on matters, which fall within the scope of activity of the Ministry.
The Ministry of Natural Resources & Environment (NRE) was established on March 27, 2004 following the formation of a new cabinet by the Prime Minister. NRE is responsible for :
Natural resources management.
a. Forest management.
b. Irrigation and drainage management.
c. Wildlife management.
d. Minerals management.
b. Irrigation and drainage management.
c. Wildlife management.
d. Minerals management.
Conservation and management of environment and shelters
a. Environmental conservation.
Forests have always played an important role in Bhutan’s socio-economic development. Protection of watersheds and river catchments has contributed greatly to the development of hydropower production in the country. In addition, forest forms an integral part of farming systems and is linked to agriculture and livestock development.
Bhutan has a strong commitment to biodiversity conservation. Over 26% of the country is under the national system of protected areas which harbors a number of rare and endangered species. Most of the river catchments and headwaters of the major river systems are within these protected areas. In addition, another 9.5% of the country’s geographical area is set aside as biological corridors linking all the protected areas for animal movement and gene flow.
In view of the importance of the Myanmar forestry sector in enhancing national socio-economic development, and ensuring ecological balance and environmental stability, the Myanmar Forest Policy has been formulated in a holistic and balanced manner within the overall context of the environment and sustainable development taking full cognizance of the forestry principles adopted at the United Nations Conference on Environment Development (UNCED), 1992.
The Policy has identified the following six imperatives:
A. Protection of soil, water, wildlife, biodiversity and environment;
B. Sustainability of forest resources to ensure perpetual supply of both tangible and intangible benefits accrued from the forests for the present and future generations;
C. Basic Needs of the people for fuel, shelter, food and recreation;
D. Efficiency to harness in the socio-environmentally friendly manner, the full economic potential of the forest resources;
E. Participation of the people in the conservation and utilization of the forests; and
F. Public Awareness about the vital role of the forests in the well-being and socio-economic development of the nation.
Nepal is endowed with rich and varied biodiversity. Altitudinal variances in short distance give Nepal's biogeography variety that range from lush moist forests and sparse alpine deserts to luxurious grasslands in lowland Terai.
The mountainous country also shelters some of the world's most rare animals. Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) National Park and Chitwan National Park with typical natural, cultural and landscape characteristics were listed as World Heritage sites in 1979 and 1984, respectively.
The overall goal of the Department is to conserve and manage the rich and diverse biological diversity of Nepal with much emphasis on wildlife and protected areas. The primary objectives of the Department are to conserve the country’s major representative ecosystems, unique natural and cultural heritage, and give protection to the valuable and endangered wildlifespecies. It also encourages scientific research for the preservation of wild genetic diversity.
For more information about endangered tigers go to www.TigersinCrisis.com
For more information about endangered species go to www.Bagheera.com